Archives: Non-Compete

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Massachusetts Seeks Finality On Non-Compete Legislation

On December 27, 2017, we wrote about the Massachusetts Legislature’s efforts to regulate the use of non-compete agreements, including three bills that sought to require post-separation “garden leave” payments to former employees while they were restricted from engaging in competitive activities. Less than one month later, news reports suggested that negotiators in the Joint Committee … Continue Reading

Consider This – Minnesota Court Of Appeals Again Requires Proof Of Additional Consideration For Non-Compete Agreements For Existing Employees

In October and November of this past year, we wrote about two Minnesota court decisions – Mid-America Business Systems v. Sanderson et al., Case No. 17-3876 (Dist. Minn. Oct. 6, 2017) and Safety Center, Inc. v. Stier, Case No. A17-0360 (Minn. App., Nov. 6, 2017) — that addressed the adequacy of consideration that is provided … Continue Reading

The Trend Continues: New Non-Compete Bills Introduced In Pennsylvania, New Hampshire and Vermont

In the final month of 2017 we discussed efforts by the Massachusetts and New Jersey legislatures to limit the use of employment non-compete agreements. By the start of 2018, the spike in activity had become a trend, with Pennsylvania, New Hampshire and Vermont introducing non-compete legislation of their own. In an article posted on our … Continue Reading

In The Weeds: A Close Inspection Of The Massachusetts Legislature’s Garden Leave Push

The Massachusetts Legislature has spent the past several years seeking to regulate the use of restrictive covenant agreements in the Commonwealth. Despite repeatedly falling short in that initiative, the 2017 legislative session strongly signaled the Legislature’s enduring interest in this subject by introducing a whopping eight new competing bills. In an article posted on our … Continue Reading

Federal Court Interprets Florida and Pennsylvania Law To Endorse Protection Of Salon Services Company’s Customer Relationships And Specialized Information

In states that permit the enforcement of non-compete and other restrictive covenant agreements against former employees, companies must still demonstrate that the restrictions are designed to protect a legitimate business interest, and not to simply avoid ordinary competition. In Osborne Assocs. v. Cangemi, Case No. 3:17-cv-1135-J-34MCR (M.D.Fla. Nov. 14, 2017), the federal court for the … Continue Reading

New Jersey Bill Would Limit Non-Compete Agreements

A bill in the New Jersey Senate, Senate Bill 3518 (“SB 3518”), and an identical companion bill in the New Jersey Assembly (Assembly Bill 5261), would significantly curtail the use of non-compete agreements in New Jersey.  In an article posted on our website, Cliff Atlas, Kevin Miller and Colin Thakkar analyze SB 3518 and pose … Continue Reading

Minnesota Court Of Appeals Reaffirms That A Non-Compete Must Be Part Of A Job Offer To A Prospective Employee

Last month, this Blog highlighted a Minnesota decision evaluating the consideration required for non-compete agreements entered into after the commencement of employment.  As that decision held, such agreements must be supported by valuable consideration over and above continued employment. This month, in Safety Center, Inc. v. Stier, Case No. A17-0360 (Minn. App., Nov. 6, 2017), the … Continue Reading

Clear as Mud: Illinois Courts Continue to Grapple With The “Adequacy” Of Consideration for Non-Compete Agreements

It is axiomatic that a contract requires consideration to be binding. Ordinarily, courts only inquire into the existence, but not the “adequacy,” of consideration.  Illinois courts, however, also scrutinize the adequacy of consideration when it comes to determining whether restrictive covenant agreements qualify as an enforceable contract.  Absent adequate consideration for the restrictive covenant, there … Continue Reading

Continued Employment Isn’t Always Sufficient – Minnesota Requires Additional Consideration For Non-Compete With Current Employee

The Minnesota federal district court recently refused to enforce a non-compete agreement, in part, because the employer failed to establish that the agreement was supported by valuable consideration.  The decision, issued on October 6, 2017 in Mid-America Business Systems, v. Sanderson et. al., Case No. 17-3876, serves as an important reminder that, in Minnesota, there … Continue Reading

Referral Sources Can Be A Protectable Interest Under Florida Law

In Florida, non-competition and other restrictive covenant agreements are enforceable to the extent they are tailored to protect a legitimate business interest. On September 14, 2017, the Florida Supreme Court held that a company’s relationships with business referral sources may constitute a protectable business interest – White v. Mederi Caretenders Visiting Services of Southeast Fla., … Continue Reading

Kansas Decision Highlights The Perils Of Overreach In Restrictive Covenant Agreements

In a recent decision examining Kansas non-compete law, the United States District Court for the District of Kansas partially granted a company’s motion to enjoin its former employee’s violations of the non-compete and customer non-solicitation provisions of his employment agreement. The decision, in the matter of Servi Tech, Inc. v. Olson, highlights a number of key … Continue Reading

Nevada’s All-New Non-Compete Statute

Once again, Nevada has re-written the landscape the law regarding enforcement of post-employment non-competition agreements.  Please see the article posted on our website, written by Elayna J. Youchah and Joshua A. Sliker of our Las Vegas office.  They analyze Assembly Bill 276, amending Chapter 613 of the Nevada Revised Statutes, signed into law by Governor Brian … Continue Reading

Nebraska Court Enforces Forum Selection Clause

Nebraska’s legal history on the enforceability of non-compete agreements is usually a surprise for employers who view Nebraska as pro-business.  Nebraska courts routinely invalidate employee non-compete agreements that venture beyond restricting the employee from doing business with and soliciting customers with whom that employee did business and had personal contact. If there is a non-compete component … Continue Reading

Texas Pre-Suit Discovery – Obligations Under Unusual Procedure Clarified

Although most employers are very familiar with the usual discovery process of litigation, they may not be as familiar with the Texas Rules of Civil Procedure’s Rule 202, which concerns pre-suit depositions. Rule 202 can be used, for example, by an employer who wants to learn more about a former employee’s activities before commencing a … Continue Reading

What Does it Mean to “Modify” an Unenforceable Non-Competition Covenant Under Georgia’s Restrictive Covenants Act?

               Although Georgia’s Restrictive Covenants Act has been on the books since the spring of 2011, no judge has decided the exact scope of Georgia courts’ blue-penciling abilities – until now.  In a case of first impression, Judge Thrash of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, in LifeBrite Laboratories, LLC … Continue Reading

Selective Enforcement Not A Viable Defense to Non-Competition Agreements Under Ohio Law

Employers sometimes worry whether seeking to enforce their non-competes in some circumstances but not others might preclude enforcement altogether in the future.  Not so, says one court.  Applying Ohio law, the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee, in GCA Services v. ParCou, held in a discovery ruling that information regarding an … Continue Reading

Federal District Court In Missouri Raises Doubts Concerning Whether At-Will Employment Is Consideration For A Non-Compete Agreement

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, in Durrell v. Tech Electronics, Inc., 4:16-CV-01367 (E.D. Mo. Nov. 15, 2016), held that an at-will employee’s non-compete agreement may not be enforceable where the only form of consideration is the employee’s at-will employment status since an at-will employment relationship cannot constitute consideration. In … Continue Reading

White House Continues Attack on Non-Compete Agreements

The assault on non-compete agreements has continued in a significant way, as outlined in our web article, White House Continues Attack on Non-Compete Agreements.  The latest White House document, coupled with prior reports from the White House and Treasury Department, as well as actions initiated by the Attorney General of New York and the Attorney … Continue Reading

Non-Solicitation Agreement Enforced in Wisconsin

There are so many stories about restrictive covenants being unenforceable in Wisconsin that it is refreshing to see a case where a restrictive covenant is enforced – especially at the preliminary injunction stage.   This week, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin granted a preliminary injunction in favor of BMO Harris Bank, … Continue Reading

Applying Delaware Law, Federal Trial Court in Texas Determines that Restrictive Covenants in Incentive Stock Agreements Are Overbroad and Unenforceable as Written

The importance of drafting non-competition and other restrictive covenant agreements narrowly in terms of geography, duration and scope of activities to reasonably meet the employer’s legitimate business interests should not be underestimated. A recent decision from the Southern District of Texas illustrates the importance of narrowly crafting post-employment restrictions. In Cameron International Corporation v. Abbiss, … Continue Reading

Texas Court Reminds: Lost Sales Are Not Lost Profits

Proof of damages in restrictive covenant matters can be complicated.  In Rhymes v. Filter Resources, Inc., the Ninth Court of Appeals in Beaumont, Texas reminded parties that revenue and sales are not the same as lost profits, and expenses must be considered when developing a damage model. George Rhymes (“Rhymes”) was employed by Filter Resources (“Filter”) … Continue Reading

Illinois Statute Bars Non-Competes For Low-Wage Workers

Illinois has a new non-compete statute that bans the use of non-compete agreements with “low-wage” employees. Peter Bulmer in our Chicago office has written this article on the Jackson Lewis website analyzing the new law, which takes effect January 1, 2017, and explaining the context which led to its enactment:  Illinois Freedom to Work Act: One … Continue Reading

Groundhog Day for Massachusetts Non-Compete Reform

Once again, the Massachusetts legislature was unable to agree on non-compete reform legislation by the July 31, 2016, end of the current legislative session. The House and Senate had passed versions of non-compete reform that differed on key provisions. At the end of the session, however, the House and Senate failed to pass a compromise … Continue Reading

Utah Enacts New Laws Addressing Post-Employment Restrictions and Unauthorized Computer Use

Conrad S. Kee from our Salt Lake City office and Cliff Atlas, co-chair of the firm’s non-compete practice group have written on the firm’s website about two new important laws in Utah, the Post-Employment Restrictions Act and the Computer Abuse and Data Recovery Act.… Continue Reading